Phonics is connecting the letters (graphemes) of written language to the individual sounds (phonemes) of spoken language. It is learning the patterns of these letters and sounds to create words.
Research has shown that teaching phonics systematically and explicitly, helps students decode and read unknown words. It is the most effective instruction for teaching students to read at the word level. With the right type of phonics instruction this process becomes automatic and frees up a student’s mental energy from word analysis to meaning. This is essential for a student to develop efficient reading strategies.
On this page you will find more information about why phonics is important and what type of phonics instruction is best. You will also find a framework for systematic phonics instruction and free online training in how to teach phonics explicitly and systematically to your students.