First Grade Reading

First Grade reading curriculum focuses on helping students decode with fluency and rely on text for meaning rather than pictures.

F irst grade is an important juncture in a child’s academic career and firmly establishes the foundation necessary for reading development. Kindergarten is designed to serve as an introduction to essential skills and to transition the focus of emergent readers from individual letters and sounds to words and sentences.

S tage 3, referred to as Transitional Reading, also occurs during the ages of 5 to 7 because students develop and retain skills at varying rates.

It is not uncommon for a kindergarten or first grade class to contain emergent, early, and transitional readers all learning together and with a great deal of overlap.

Students are continually moving forward on the reading continuum as they acquire more skills and experience with text.

Learn more about the importance of Early Literacy from our other resources on the subject.

T ransitional readers are students who are able to read larger amounts of text with greater fluency and less reliance on images. These students recognize a larger number of words and have developed strategies for independently determining unknown words. Children at this stage are capable of summarizing and interpreting what they read and can refer to text to support their ideas and conclusions.

S pelling also becomes more accurate at this stage as students learn spelling mechanics. Although the English language is comprised of only 26 letters, those letters have about 40 sounds (phonemes) and these sounds can be written in more than 250 ways (graphemes).

As young learners have more exposure to text, they begin to identify these graphemes and add them to their databank. Knowing that kn is a consonant digraph that has the /n/ sound at the beginning of some words (knot, knit, know) is an example of a skill that would typically be taught in a first grade reading curriculum.

Help your First Grade Reader find the path to success!